A cluster is defined as a geographic concentration(a city/town/few adjacent villages and their adjoining areas)of units producing near similar products and facing common opportunities and threats. An artisan cluster is defined as geographically concentrated(mostly in villages/townships)household units producing handicraft/handloom products.In a typical cluster,such producers often belong to a traditional community,producing the long-established products for generations.Indeed,many artisan clusters are centuries old Artisan.
About Saharanpur Cluster:-
Saharanpur Cluster falls under Madhya Pradesh State in Bhopal district.
The Saharanpur cluster is able to form 500 plus Artisans & 25 SHGs supporting the strong work force.The mobilisation gains momentum day by day.
The Banjaras of Madhya Pradesh who are found in the districts of Malwa and Nimar have their own distinct style of embroidery. Embroidery here is done creating designs according to the weave of the cloth. The items embroidered are ghagras (skirts), borders for blouses, hankies, small purses and dupattas(stoles used to cover heads) . The interior of the hankie is entirely covered with stem stitch embroidery that is done horizontally instead of vertically. The textured effect is achieved by varying colours and stitches of the geometric patterns and designs. Motifs are generally highlighted by the cross-stitch style of embroidery. The border along the edges of the hankie does not have a continuous pattern but consists of a pattern done by varying the count of the threads while the angular designs are achieved by vertical stitches.
The term embroidery is basically defined as the method of ornamenting a piece of clothing with
needlework;or embellishment with fanciful details. Thus embroidery is regarded as the art of decorating textiles using a needle and thread.Embroidery of Madhya Pradesh has earned its fame because of the versatility of creations by the artisans.The artisans of Madhya Pradesh use an array of stitches that are used to decorate the items.The most important centres of embroidery work of Madhya Pradesh are located in the Bhopal regions and are admired for the creative excellence.The embroidery of Madhya Pradesh is one of the main sources of income for different other communities.Today, even though embroidery is amongst the most traditional methods of decorating clothes,it is still as popular.Designs may date back to ancient times,or the modern geometric modern day designs,but all the same embroidery continues to be one of the common ways of decorating clothes.In fact,specialists feel that today,there is much more scope for creativity and innovation,because of the acceptance level.
Ari embroidery of Madhya Pradesh has its international market in Nigeria where women drape themselves (during ceremonial occasions)in the embroidered cloth from this region.This has ornamentation of tikris and beads,which make them,look attractive.This type of embroidery is done on a frame of wooden beams.The fabric is worked upon with a long needle,threads,tikris and beads.Multi sized frames are used,usually about 1.5 feet high,to secure the cloth on which the design is sketched with a stencil. One hand secures the thread under the cloth to the needle while the other hand moves the needle on top of the cloth with ease.Decorative tikris and beads are attached to the cloth with the needle.
Another embroidery pattern is the jaali or net embroidery in geometric or floral shapes and is done by pulling the warp and weft threads and fixing them with minute buttonhole stitches.The finished products dominantly comprise items for household use like curtains,bedspreads,furniture covers and dress material.
Raw Materials used:-
The fabric is worked upon with a long needle,threads,tikris and beads.Multi sized frames are used, usually about 1.5 feet high,to secure the cloth on which the design is sketched with a stencil. One hand secures the thread under the cloth to the needle while the other hand moves the needle on top of the cloth with ease.
As embroidery is not so technical craft to follow procedure but then also small process like:
Embroidery designs are prepared by fixing small round shaped mirrors to the material with the help of the buttonhole stitch,the outline being sketched by hand.Silken thread is used for the stitching done in stem or herringbone,closely worked.Flowers and creepers are patterned against a dark background.
Techniques vary with the community and region.The term embroidery is basically defined as the method of ornamenting a piece of clothing with needlework; or embellishment with fanciful details. Thus embroidery is regarded as the art of decorating textiles using a needle and thread.This includes the hand and machine embroidery methods.And till date,hand embroidery continues to be an expensive and time-consuming method.However,in spite of this it is preferred because of the intricacy of the handiwork involved.
The basic techniques an embroiderer uses includes:-
How to reach:-
Iit has an international airport of its own. Bhopal airport, also known as the 'Raja Bhoj Airport' is located 15 km southeast of the main city center.Bhopal Railway Station, near Hamidia Road, connects it to different parts of the country. Bhopal is one of the two major Delhi-Mumbai railway lines and is the main railway junction of the West Central Railways. The bus station is near the railway junction in Old Bhopal. Extensive bus services (state/ private) are available for getting to various places in and around Madhya Pradesh. Daily buses are available for places like Sanchi (46 km), Vidisha (56 km), Indore (186 km), Ujjain (188 km) Pachmarhi (195 km) and Jabalpur (295 km).