A cluster is defined as a geographic concentration(a city/town/few adjacent villages and their adjoining areas)of units producing near similar products and facing common opportunities and threats. An artisan cluster is defined as geographically concentrated(mostly in villages/townships)household units producing handicraft/handloom products.In a typical cluster,such producers often belong to a traditional community,producing the long-established products for generations.Indeed,many artisan clusters are centuries old Artisan.
About Garal Cluster:-
Garal Cluster falls under Rajasthan State in Barmer district.
The Garal cluster is able to form 202 plus Artisans & 15 SHGs supporting the strong work force.The mobilisation gains momentum day by day.
Jaisalmer is the trade centre for embroidery and mirror work items. Quilts are appliquéd with geometrically shaped pieces of dark colours. Camel and horse saddles are decked with embroidery and appliqué with a hook. Verities of colored threads are used on the shoes.The pichwai of Nathdwara, is an cloth-hanging which is embroidered and used as a decoration in temples. Gold thread is used in some to highlight the design. Appliquéd pichwai has red cotton background and stitches are in cream, green, yellow, and black; white is used for the outlines.The women in Rajasthan are well skilled at embroidery and design attractive motifs like of tree, birds and animals on their long skirts (ghaghras) Women at Bikaner embroider chunky red woolen shawls with a running stitch, in a bandhini pattern.
The term embroidery is basically defined as the method of ornamenting a piece of clothing with needlework;or embellishment with fanciful details.Thus embroidery is regarded as the art of decorating textiles using a needle and thread.Embroidery of Rajasthan has earned its fame because of the versatility of creations by the artisans.The artisans of Rajasthan use an array of stitches that are used to decorate the items.The most important centres of embroidery work of Rajasthan are located in the Jaipur regions and are admired for the creative excellence.The embroidery of Rajasthan is one of the main sources of income for different other communities.Today, even though embroidery is amongst the most traditional methods of decorating clothes,it is still as popular.Designs may date back to ancient times,or the modern geometric modern day designs,but all the same embroidery continues to be one of the common ways of decorating clothes.In fact,specialists feel that today,there is much more scope for creativity and innovation,because of the acceptance level.
This has ornamentation of tikris and beads,which make them,look attractive.This type of embroidery is done on a frame of wooden beams.The fabric is worked upon with a long needle,threads,tikris and beads.Multi sized frames are used,usually about 1.5 feet high,to secure the cloth on which the design is sketched with a stencil. One hand secures the thread under the cloth to the needle while the other hand moves the needle on top of the cloth with ease.Decorative tikris and beads are attached to the cloth with the needle.
Another embroidery pattern is the jaali or net embroidery in geometric or floral shapes and is done by pulling the warp and weft threads and fixing them with minute buttonhole stitches.The finished products dominantly comprise items for household use like curtains,bedspreads,furniture covers and dress material.
Raw Materials used:-
The fabric is worked upon with a long needle,threads,tikris and beads.Multi sized frames are used, usually about 1.5 feet high,to secure the cloth on which the design is sketched with a stencil. One hand secures the thread under the cloth to the needle while the other hand moves the needle on top of the cloth with ease.
As embroidery is not so technical craft to follow procedure but then also small process like:
Set the fabric(Saree,Dress,material,etc.)on Wooden frame(it can be done without frame also) according to the design with desired allowance for the product.The motif is made the tracing screen for symmetrical making and uniformity,like the Khaka.The motif is marked with a marking mixer in a liquid form (Kerosene and gali powder) whether for embroidery the desired motif is neatly embroidery with different stitches to achieve desired motif.
Embroidery designs are prepared by fixing small round shaped mirrors to the material with the help of the buttonhole stitch,the outline being sketched by hand.Silken thread is used for the stitching done in stem or herringbone,closely worked.Flowers and creepers are patterned against a dark background.
Techniques vary with the community and region.The term embroidery is basically defined as the method of ornamenting a piece of clothing with needlework; or embellishment with fanciful details. Thus embroidery is regarded as the art of decorating textiles using a needle and thread.This includes the hand and machine embroidery methods.And till date,hand embroidery continues to be an expensive and time-consuming method.However,in spite of this it is preferred because of the intricacy of the handiwork involved.
The basic techniques an embroiderer uses includes:-
How to reach:-
by roads to all major cities of the state and nearby area. The district is linked with Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Pali, Jalore, Jaipur, Ajmer and Ahmedabad. There is regular bus service from Barmer to these placeThe nearest airport to Barmer is Jodhpur (222 kms.). The district is linked with neighboring districts of Jodhpur, Jalore and Jaipur in the State and with Agra in UP and Munawa in Pakistan, by railway line.Barmer is well connected.